You have probably heard about THC and CBD but probably you haven’t heard not that much about many other cannabinoids that aren’t well-known. THC is by far the most famous cannabinoids because of its psychoactive properties. However, there are many other types of cannabinoids that are not that common and thus, not well-known by most people.
The most common cannabinoids are THC and CBD and their acidic forms THCa and CBDa. However, there are many other cannabinoids (at least 113 identified cannabinoids). Many of these cannabinoids have very interesting health properties. For example, CBG or CBC, are not as popular as CBD or THC but that have very interesting properties.
In this post I’m going to name a few of the most common cannabinoids and their effects and potential health benefits.
1. THC: The Most Famous Cannabinoid
If you know a bit about marijuana and cannabinoids, then you probably have enough information about THC. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is a psychoactive cannabinoid that in high doses can even cause visual and auditive hallucinations. However, experts in psychoactive drugs prefer to call them “entheogenic substances”, in other words and as Wikipedia states, “psychoactive substances that induce any type of spiritual experience aimed at development or sacred use”.
There are many types of cannabinoids and not all of them have psychoactive properties. Therefore, what makes THC interesting is its potent psychoactive effects. Nonetheless, THC is also useful for its pain relief and antiemetic properties.
2. CBD: A Cannabinoid with Amazing Health Properties
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been one of the most talked-about topics. It has become a multibillion business expecting to generate more than 20 billion USD by 2025.
There are many other potential benefits of CBD. For example, CBD has been researched as a treatment for pain relief and for its potential benefits in the treatment of fibromyalgia, ADHD and arthritis.
CBD has been also used for people with insomnia. As a matter of fact, one of its side effects could be sleepiness.
3. CBC: A Non-psychoactive Cannabinoid
CBC or cannabichromene is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It’s a cannabinoid that is useful to battle inflammation and it might also have potential anti-cancer and anti-tumor properties.
It has been researched to treat inflammatory disease such as irritable bowel-syndrome, Crohn’s disease or neuropathies. As other cannabinoids, CBC has pain relief properties and some sources claim that it also has antifungal and antibacterial properties. However, CBC is commonly found in small quantities and it’s a descendant of CBG.
4. CBG: The Precursor of Three Major Cannabinoids
CBG or cannabigerol is difficult to obtain as it represents less than 1% in most of cannabis strains. In addition, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) is the precursor of three major cannabinoids: THCA, CBDA and CBCA.
CBG has anti-inflammatory properties and it’s been researched for its potential capabilities in blocking cancer receptors. For example, in colorectal cancer.
However, CBG is not easy to isolate and obtain in high concentrations. Therefore, it’s generally considered a minor cannabinoid. It has been tried to crossbreed cannabis plants to develop strains with higher CBG content.
Moreover, CBG has been researched for its potential effects in the treatment of depression and for its analgesic properties.
5. CBN: Cannabinol and Neuro-protective properties
CBN or Cannabinol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that forms when THC ages. Therefore, CBN is commonly found in old cannabis. As other cannabinoids, CBN has been researched for its potential positive effects as a neuroprotectant, antibacterial and as other cannabinoids, as an appetite stimulant.
There are studies on mice to study the effect of CBN for the treatment of ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). Apparently, CBN delays the onset of ALS in mice. Nonetheless, there are no studies about its effects on humans. Therefore, more researches are needed to determine to what extent its neuroprotective properties are useful for humans.
CBN and THC stimulate the appetite. However, THC has psychoactive properties while CBN is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Therefore, CBN could be used as an alternative for THC as an appetite stimulant.
As many cannabinoids, CBN has also anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, it has been researched for the treatment of glaucoma and even arthritis.
6. THCV: Similar Molecular Structure as THC
THCV or tetrahydrocannabivarin is a cannabinoid that is similar in its molecular structure to THC.
Unlike other cannabinoids, THCV is an appetite suppressant. In other words, it could be useful for people who are looking to lose weight. In addition, THCV is useful in the treatment of anxiety.
There are also some studies claiming that THCV may help with diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease.
Additionally, THCV might stimulate bone growth and thus, useful in the treatment of osteoporosis.
Nonetheless, most of cannabis strains contain neglectable amount of THCV, which means it’s difficult to find in high concentrations.
7. CBDV: Similar to CBD
CBDV or cannabidivarin is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. There are many types of cannabinoids and not all have psychoactive properties. CBDV is another example of a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. CBDV as CBD, has been researched for its properties for the treatment of epilepsy.
It’s structurally very similar to CBD and that’s why both are used in the treatment of epilepsy. Moreover, studies have shown that CBDV treatment improved the general health in a mouse model for Rett syndrome.
In addition, CBDV is also a powerful antiemetic.
CBDV is also studied as for its potential as a treatment for skeletal and muscle damage and degeneration and for reducing inflammation.
Types of Cannabinoids: Conclusion
There are both psychoactive and non-psychoactive cannabinoids. Many cannabinoids are useful for their anti-inflammatory properties.
Cannabinoids are also useful as appetite stimulants and even as appetite suppressants such as THCV.
However, many of these researches are still in a preliminary phase.